Crisco: Good Pies & How To Make ThemHere are pages 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 and 31 of the vintage recipe booklet “Good Pies & How To Make Them” that was published in 1928 by Crisco. Pages 24 and 30 are blank, page 31 is just a picture of Crisco’s Research Bakery.

To review all pages in this booklet, simply visit the Crisco: Good Pies & How To Make Them Category and click on a page title to review that section.

There are scans available of each page, just click the images to view a full size copy.

PART III

Formulas for Fillings

In the pages to follow, we give you a number of formulas for pie-fillings. Most of these are for conventional fruit and soft-filling pies–the recipes, however, have been tested and improved. A few are for specialty pies–a bit of the unusual.

It seems self-evident that, to build a good, profitable business on pies, you should take as a model the much-spoken-of pie that Mother used to bake. Strive to make your pies as much like homemade as possible–not only in excellence, but in variety.

If you are a wholesale pie baker, by the very nature of your trade, you will probably be more or less restricted to the good, old favorites. If, on the other hand, you are a neighborhood baker, you have a rare opportunity to let your own ingenuity build sales.

Study the pie-eating habits of your community. Learn the varieties of home-made pies that seem to be most popular.

Perhaps you will find a housewife who is locally famous for a particular kind of pie. Secure her recipe if you can and pattern a pie of your own after it.*

*Before using anyone’s name in advertising your pies, be sure you secure her legal permission. Here is a simple and binding form. Have the person sign it:

Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , residing at . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , hereby consent to the unrestricted use of my name for advertising purposes or purposes of trade.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(Signature)

Formulas For Fillings

Or you might well conduct a prize contest for home-made pie recipes, and use the best ones. (Let some local food authority be the judge, to avoid jealousy among the losers.)

Study home cook books and the recipes in leading women’s magazines to find new and unusual pies.

The baker who strives to meet the preferences of his customers, rather than to force his own ideas on his trade, will secure the bigger business.

In the formulae for pie-fillings where cornstarch is used for thickening tapioca may be used in the same proportions and cooked as with cornstarch or allowed to soak and used cold. The smaller granules of reground tapioca require less soaking and cook more readily than the coarse tapioca.

FRESH PEACH PIE

10 lbs. freshly sliced peaches
2 1/2 lbs. sugar
1/2 oz. cinnamon

Drop peaches into boiling water long enough to loosen the skins. Remove skins, cut into quarters or sixths. Mix with sugar and cinnamon and place at once in pie-crust. Bake at 425° F.

To make a cooked fresh peach pie, add 2 quarts of water to the above and bring to a boil. Mix 6 or 7 ounces of cornstarch in one pint of water and stir in very carefully to avoid breaking up the fruit. Remove from fire as soon as filling thickens. Cool before using.

Note: A good cold thickener is preferable for use in peach fillings due to the very delicate flavor. Repeated heating and boiling of fruit injures its ultimate quality.

COMBINATION PEACH PIE

1 lb. dry peaches
1 lb. 8 oz. sugar
4 lbs. water
1 oz. starch
5 lbs. canned peaches
1 lb. 4 oz. sugar
1/8 oz. salt
2 oz. starch

Wash and soak dry peaches over night. bring gradually to boil and add sugar and starch mixed in a small amount of the water. Thicken juice of canned peaches in usual manner and mix the two together. Use after cooling.

FRESH APPLE PIE

(See pages 16 and 17 for a complete discussion of this filling.)

BLUEBERRY PIE

5 qts. berries
2 1/2 lbs. water
3 lbs. sugar
3 to 4 oz. cornstarch
1/4 oz. salt
1/4 oz. cinnamon

Bring water and sugar to boil and thicken with starch previously mixed in part of the water. Add flavor and mix with the berries.

CRANBERRY PIE

10 lbs. cranberries
10 lbs. sugar
1 1/2 oz. salt
6 or 7 oz. starch
6 lbs. 8 oz. water

Sort cranberries, wash and cook with water until the skins burst. Stir in sugar, salt and starch mixed in a small amount of the water. Allow to cool and fill pans lined with crust. Instead of a top crust, place strips of pie dough across the top to form a lattice work.

Cranberry pie should be baked in a fairly hot oven in order to bake the crust before the berries boil over.

ANY FRESH BERRY PIE

Make a mixture of three pounds of sugar and eight ounces of flour and sprinkle from six to eight ounces over the berries after they have been washed and put into the pans.

MIXED FRUIT PIE

1/2 can (No. 10) rhubarb
1/2 can (No. 10) apricots
1 1/2 lbs. puffed raisins
2 lbs. sugar
5 to 7 oz. starch
1/4 oz. salt
1 lb. water

Soak raisins in water, thicken juices with starch and mix with fruit. Use in pies after cooling.

MINCE MEAT

3 lbs. 8 oz. fresh beef
1 lb. 8 oz. beef suet
1 lb. brown sugar
1 lb. raisins
2 lbs. currants
8 lbs. chopped apples
1 lb. 8 oz. cider
8 oz. molasses
1 oz. cinnamon
1/2 oz. cloves
1/2 oz. mace
1/2 oz. allspice
1/2 oz. ginger
3/4 oz. salt
juice and rind 1 orange
juice and rind 1 lemon

Pare and chop apples, add chopped beef, chopped suet, molasses and spices. Add the cider last and mix thoroughly.

RAISIN PIE

Soak 5 lbs. seeded raisins in 5 qts. water over night. Suspend 5 oz. cornstarch in a little water. Put the raisins on the fire and add 1 lb. sugar and 1 oz. cinnamon and 1/2 oz. salt. Bring to a boil and add the starch mixture. Stir until clear and then take off the fire and cool.

This filling may be improved by the addition of the grated rind and juice of 1/2 lemon and 1/8 ounce maple flavoring. 1/4 ounce of caramel color improves the color.

The cost of many fruit pies may be lowered by replacing a part of the fruit with ground apples.

Formulas for Fillings

PUMPKIN PIES

14 oz. brown sugar
2 lbs. pumpkin
2 lbs. milk
3/4 oz. salt
1/4 oz. cinnamon
1/8 oz. ginger
1/4 oz. allspice
1/8 oz. mace
6 eggs

Beat the eggs, sugar, salt and spices lightly. Add the pumpkin and milk and mix together.

The cost of pumpkin pies may be reduced by using fewer eggs. For each egg cut, 1/2 ounce flour is generally the amount to add for equivalent stiffness.

Canned pumpkin contains varying amounts of moisture. Should the moisture content be high, less milk will be required.

CUSTARD PIE FILLING

1 qt. whole milk
6 eggs
6 oz. sugar
1/8 oz. salt
1/8 oz. nutmeg
vanilla

Mix the dry ingredients together and then beat in the eggs. Add the milk and vanilla and mix well.

Custard pies should be baked at not less than 400° F. and should be removed from the oven when filling is set. See page 21.

MERINGUE

Beat 1 pint of egg whites stiff and gradually add from 3/4 to 1 1/2 pounds sugar. Standard powdered sugar that is not ground too fine is used for meringue though many bakers use granulated.

PINEAPPLE PIE

1 can pineapple
1 1/2 lbs. granulated sugar
1 qt. water
2 to 3 oz. cornstarch

Place pineapple, sugar and one pint of water into a kettle and bring to boil. Mix the starch in pint of water and add gradually to filling while it is being cooked. Remove from fire as soon as it thickens. Cool before using.

WHIPPED CREAM PINEAPPLE PIE

8 lbs. pineapple
2 lbs. sugar
2 lbs. water
1/4 lb. egg yolks
1/2 lb. starch
1/2 oz. salt

Bring pineapple, sugar, salt and part of the water to boil. Mix balance of the water and starch with egg yolks and add gradually to boiling mixture. Fill baked pie shells and top with whipped cream.

PRUNE PIE

10 lbs. pitted prunes
2 1/2 lbs. sugar
5 lbs. water
5 to 8 oz. starch
1/2 oz. cinnamon
lemon juice

Wash prunes and soak in cold water. Bring to boil until soft and remove pits. Add sugar, water, flavor; bring to boil and stir in cornstarch previously mixed in some of the water. Allow to cool before using.

CREAM FILLING

1 qt. milk
12 oz. sugar
6 eggs
3 oz. cornstarch
1/4 oz. salt
vanilla
2 oz. melted Crisco

General Method

Mix the cornstarch, eggs, salt and vanilla thoroughly and add enough milk to make it thin. Bring balance of milk and sugar to boiling and stir in the other ingredients rapidly. Lower heat to prevent lumping. Melt the Crisco and stir into the thickened mass before it cools.

BUTTERSCOTCH

1 qt. milk
1 lb. brown sugar
6 eggs
3 oz. cornstarch
1/4 oz. salt
vanilla
2 oz. melted Crisco

Use the general method for cream fillings.

* * *

All cream fillings are greatly improved by the use of fresh milk in their preparation.

LEMON OR ORANGE FILLING

Juice of 6 lemons or oranges
1 qt. water
2 lbs. sugar
8 oz. egg yolks
5 oz. cornstarch
1/4 oz. salt
2 oz. melted Crisco

Use the general method for cream fillings.

CHOCOLATE FILLING

1 qt. milk
12 oz. sugar
6 eggs
3 oz. cornstarch
1/8 oz. salt
vanilla
3 oz. melted chocolate

Use the general method for cream fillings. Melt the chocolate and add with the starch, eggs, salt, vanilla and part of the milk.

Formulas For Fillings

Crisco's Research Bakery

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